1. Attitude toward wealth/prosperity
China: poverty a 'recent memory' for many
strongly oriented toward accumulation of wealth
Canada: poverty a 'distant memory' for many
only slightly oriented toward accumulation of wealth, since government
provides basic needs to all
liberal use of credit; many Candadians are in heavy debt despite wealth
China: Leisure 'optional' after basic needs are taken care of and large
savings are accumulated.
Canada: Leisure a 'human right' the goal of earning money is to spend it on
leisure (travel, sports, vacation, house, etc)
China: 'live to eat': food is a central disucssion topic and meal times are
religiously adhered to
standard greeting: have you eaten lately
Canada: "eat to live" food is seldom talked about
standard greeting:'nice day, eh?" or "cold enough" (meaning: how will
the weather affect leisure?"
4. Cultural identity
China: cultural identity rooted in China's long history and beautiful written
pround of history + language
Canada: cultural identity rooted in georgraphy(short 100 year history);
obsessed with what Big Brother thinks of us
proud of geography
China: Strongly oriented to the future: willing to sacrifice now for tomorrow
Canada: strongly oriented to the now: unwilling to sacrifice today for tomorrow
6. Class structure
China: visible class divisions
deference to authority and leadership
success achieved by paying respect + giving 'face' to leaders.
Canada:few visible class divisions; critical of outward signs of wealth
suspicious and critical of authority and leadership
success achieved by 'going your own way' against leaders
7. Relationsip(guan xi)
China: being 'well-connected' is vital for success
merit not as important as relationship
it is not what you know, it is who you know
Canada: people admire the 'self made man'who succeeds on his own
success more related to merit than being 'well-connected'
it is not who you know, it is what you know.