American novelist JD Salinger, author of classic 20th Century book The Catcher in the Rye, has died aged 91.
The reclusive writer died of natural causes at his home in the state of New Hampshire, his son said.
The Catcher In The Rye, first published in 1951, is a tale of teenage angst. It has become one of the most influential American novels of the modern era.
Soon after its publication, Salinger shunned the fame it brought and became a recluse for the rest of his life.
The son of a Jewish businessman and Scots-Irish mother, Jerome David Salinger grew up in Manhattan.
He enjoyed early success in the 1940s with the publication of numerous short stories in magazines, among them the New Yorker.
But he is best known for The Catcher in the Rye, which quickly became a bible of teenage dissent in America and a staple of high school and freshman college English courses.
Almost immediately after Catcher was published, Salinger became disillusioned with the publishing industry.
In 1953, he bought a house at Cornish, New Hampshire, and retreated into seclusion, giving his last and rare interview in 1980