Tanzhe Temple, the biggest temple in beijing.
If you are looking for meditation, inspiration and silence, The Temple of heaven -天坛- is a good place
I don't think any of the commentators above has offered a proper solution, understandable, since Beijing is such a crazy place that people couldn't grasp the essence of buddhist meditation anymore.
I tried and it is impossible to find a temple within the city where you can have in-house meditation, despite that buddhism temples are full of tourists paying respect. In Huairou District though, there is a Hong Luo Temple, comparatively less commercial, I am not sure if they accept in-house meditators but there are reasonable accommodations available close to the temple.
If I were a buddhism enthusiast, I would certainly go to Tibet or India.
Silent cloisters are for neophytes. If you need peace and quiet in order to meditate, you're fucking doing it wrong. You might as well just take an old TV set with dial controls, turn the volume all the way up, and wedge the dial between two different channels to produce that snowy static hiss to drown out all the background noise. After only a few minutes you will fully grasp the non-duality of noise and silence.
Or you will get annoyed and fail. If that happens, call me, and I will come to your house and beat you with a fly whisk until you understand. Then I will hit you with a fly whisk again. Because that's fucking enlightening shit right there.
Meditation shouldn't be about turning inward and examining your thoughts. That's metacognition, not meditation. It's entirely contrary to the concept of No-Self.
You wanna be hardcore Buddhist? Meditate on the fucking subway without getting in anyone's way.
schss ! Dando, you dont have the proper slanted eyes to grasp the essence of buddhist meditation...
I get all squinty-eyed when I'm really, really baked. I'm also good at maths. Am I properly Asiatic enough to have a Buddha-nature, or when I die, will I end up having to plea my case to white St. Peter, who'll be all like "Aw hell naw nyukka, you jus' a heathen cracker," before sending me to the part of hell where new agers and hippies go, which is actually a rather pleasant environment because people accept established climate science, but all the new agers and hippies are there, so it sucks like hell.
Hongluo Temple, Shengquan Temple, both in Huairou, a bit far though.